How the world works


This is for Enterprise Advisers and teachers responsible for careers advice, to use as a resource to let young people know what different kinds of companies there are. Visitors to the school will fall into one or more of these categories of companies.

It is a discussion document – each page could be used as a 10 minute discussion – students could be asked to find examples of each kind of company mentioned.



From January 2018 there is a legal requirement for schools to make sure that all pupils – from year 8 to year 13 – are provided with independent careers guidance.

The sector structure is that the Local Enterprise Partnership (who employs an enterprise coordinator), should learn what the needs of schools are and help them in every way through appointed and trained ENTERPRISE ADVISERS who will bring in their local business contacts on a voluntary basis to help schools meet their statutory obligations.

This single module covers material which might be used for all age groups – there are pages which can be used for discussions with year 8 children, and two videos which will engage year 13s.  The wider picture is obviously for the older year groups.

How can enterprise advisers ensure that they are bringing in non-partisan, and independent advisors into schools?

They can do that by having companies come in and explain what they do WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF THIS COURSE.

This achieves two objectives

– it allows that corporate input to be put into a broader context – so that either before or after the event, there is an understanding that this is one example of a particular type of company.  This is what keeps the options open in the minds of young people, and they begin to look at their local commercial landscape in the context of ‘what kind of business are you‘.

– it allows the company to talk about itself, so the school gets the authentic input the pupils seek and deserve.

How the enterprise adviser would use this course

The enterprise adviser would introduce this course in a presentation – perhaps do a page or two, (or more, with the staff and/or years 12/13 – depending on their planned programme).

They then give the school the opportunity to purchase an annual license to use the material in-school from the LEP.  The LEP would be a sub-licensee.

How the school would use this course

Schools now have to write a policy document setting out the fact that they have to allow companies offering apprenticeships access to engage with school pupils. As a part of this they may wish to include in their policy document what kind of information would help their students understand how the world works, a bit better.

To meet the legislation and guidelines, the visiting business volunteer may be requested to :

  • Describe their company – in terms of whether they supply goods or services
  • Talk to some extent about the different kinds of functions, and the different skills and talents needed to work in their business – and how to connect those with the courses on offer through technical qualifications or apprenticeships.
  • Have a practical exercise to embed the information they have communicated – a case study, or a ‘single view’ exercise. E.g. (the fork lift driver’s view of the day – looking back into the company, and outwards to the client, as the loaded lorry drives away’

Teachers would then be able to refer back to this overview module, and show the overall picture into which this particular company fits.





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